Virat Kohli went past Australian vice-captain David Warner to grab the 5th spot on the rankings.
After the message from the dressing room, Kohli notched up his 18th Test ton with a six and declared India's innings immediately at 352/8. The 29-year-old's 11th century as skipper helped India set Sri Lanka a 231-run target.Kohli is the fastest to get to 50 hundreds in all formats of the game.
The 26-year-old cricketer, who has played for India 'A' said it has helped him grow as an all-rounder.
India were on the verge of an improbable win in the 1st Test at Eden Gardens, Kolkata, before bad light intervened.
Bhuvneshwar Kumar and Shikhar Dhawan were released from the India Test squad for the second Test due to personal reasons.
Vijay Shankar, the Tamil Nadu all-rounder, has been named as the replacement for Bhuvneshwar.
Kohli surpassed former captain Sourav Ganguly to become fourth highest run-getter as India skipper.
India's head coach Ravi Shastri heaped special praise on Virat Kohli after he notched up his 50th International century and said "sky is the limit" for the skipper who stands at the halfway stage in equalling Sachin Tendulkar's feat.
India's premier spinner Ravichandran Ashwin bowled just eight overs in the first innings, conceding 13 runs but failed to dismiss a single batsman.
Opener KL Rahul feels that had another six overs been available, India could have won the first Test against Sri Lanka, which ended in a draw after a riveting final day.
Virat Kohli bounced back from a first-inning duck to put India in a commanding position against Sri Lanka.
Sri Lanka ended their second innings with 75/7 chasing 231 before bad light stopped play.
Virat Kohli had scored a duck in the first innings.
Cheteshwar Pujara joined Ravi Shastri and ML Jaisimha as the only Indian cricketers to bat on all five days of a Test match.
India vs Sri Lanka, 1st Test, Highlights: Bhuvneshwar Kumar and Mohammed Shami produced a stunning spell of fast bowling to wreak havoc on the visiting batsmen. In the end, bad light came to Sri Lanka's rescue with India just three wickets away from a sensational win.
But Rahul and Dhawan made batting look easy on a sunny afternoon -- a welcome change from the rainy start on the first two days -- to keep the Sri Lankan attack at bay.
During one such break Nehra, former teammate Virender Sehwag and Jatin Sapru were engaged in a rather interesting conversation. Considering Nehra was part of the India's T20 team until very recently, Sehwag asked him what the much-hyped Yo-Yo Test was all about.