Toni Kroos has won 12 titles in five seasons in Spain, lifting the Champions League trophy in 2016, 2017 and 2018.
Mesut Ozil, who has Turkish roots, was criticised in March after inviting Erdogan to his wedding.
Germany were put under immense pressure from a Netherlands side seeking a winner but the visitors snatched victory in the 90th minute through Nico Schulz.
A final vote on increasing the number of teams at the football showpiece would only be taken at a full Congress meeting in June.
FIFA is carrying out the study into increasing the number of teams by 16 in 2022.
The Germans were the most dangerous team outside the first pot of seeds for the competition.
The draw against Germany was enough to send the Netherlands into the Nations League knockout stages as Group One winners.
Manchester City winger Leroy Sane and Bayern Munich pair Niklas Suele and Serge Gnabry claimed the first-half goals in Leipzig.
Loew insisted he was "very pleased" with the performance as Germany were much improved compared to the team that lost 3-0 against the Netherlands.
Germany coach Joachim Loew has come under-fire following Germany's latest defeat, a 0-3 loss to the Netherlands.
Dutch captain Virgil Van Dijk gave the hosts a first-half lead before late goals by Memphis Depay and Georginio Wijnaldum.
Liverpool duo Virgil van Dijk and Georginio Wijnaldum scored as the Netherlands won to send Germany to the bottom of Nations League Group A1.
Germany play the Netherlands at Amsterdam Arena on October 13 before travelling to the Stade de France for their return fixture with France.
UEFA President Aleksander Ceferin announced the winner following a campaign that saw politics and concerns over human rights in Turkey play a central role.
Ozil's agent Erkut Sogut, who Bierhoff had reportedly contacted before the visit, declined to comment on the reason for the rejection.
Jerome Boateng was one of the few German players to speak up for Ozil after his retirement.
France were held to a 0-0 draw by Germany in Munich in a flat start to the new UEFA Nations League.
Arsenal midfielder Mesut Ozil, 29, announced his shock retirement from international duty last month in the wake of Germany's World Cup debacle.