Goals from Roger Martinez and Duvan Zapata in the final 20 minutes gave Colombia their first tournament victory over Argentina in 20 years
Argentina will play in Group B alongside Colombia, Paraguay and guests Qatar, the 2022 World Cup hosts and current Asian champions.
Dries Mertens headed in the equaliser after 85 minutes in Naples to surpass former Argentine ace Diego Maradona, who hit 81 league goals between 1984 and 1991.
Lionel Messi picked up a groin injury in the shock 1-3 defeat to Venezuela as he made his first international appearance since the 2018 World Cup.
Lionel Messi hasn't pulled on the national team jersey since Argentina were dumped out of the World Cup last June by eventual winners France.
Emiliano Sala hometown in rural Argentina is remembering him as a modest local hero who shied away from the flashy wealth of many South American footballers who make it big in Europe.
Emiliano Sala body was first spotted by British rescuers using a remotely operated underwater vehicle on Sunday close to where the plane vanished from radar on January 21.
Lionel Messi's plea comes after Emiliano Sala's father and other players begged authorities to continue the search.
Eight-time winners Brazil, the top seeds in Group A, were given a pool with minnows Bolivia, Venezuela and Peru.
FIFA is carrying out the study into increasing the number of teams by 16 in 2022.
The Argentina legend was discovered to have minor stomach bleeding during a medical last week.
Lionel Messi scored 34 goals in 68 games for Barcelona last season.
Lionel Messi had gifted Murtaza with an autographed jersey.
Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo have won the Ballon d'Or five-time each.
With Neymar to the fore, Brazil exerted late pressure and could have scored in the few minutes before Miranda struck.
According to FIFA, this will be the 105th time the South American arch-rivals have faced each other in an official match.
Diego Maradona said that if he was Argentina coach he would "not call on Lionel Messi" before adding "never say never."
Diego Maradona's career has included stints coaching the Argentine national team and a series of clubs around the world.