But even in defeat, the top-seeded Indian achieved a historic feat by becoming India's first medal winner at the mega-event.
Vijender led 1-0 in the opening round but Atoev, a former light heavy weight world champion, staged a brilliant comeback in the next three minutes to blank the Indian 5-0 and take a 5-1 overall lead.
The third and final round ended 2-2 but the slight late recovery was not enough for the world number two to clinch the bout.
"Obviously, I am a disappointed. But I am glad that I managed to break the jinx for India," said the 23-year-old Haryana boxer.
Vijender had earlier beaten Atoev in the Asian Championships in June in China
Topics : Boxing