Dries Mertens headed in the equaliser after 85 minutes in Naples to surpass former Argentine ace Diego Maradona, who hit 81 league goals between 1984 and 1991.
The Argentina legend was discovered to have minor stomach bleeding during a medical last week.
Argentine football legend Diego Maradona suffers from severe osteoarthritis.
Diego Maradona said that if he was Argentina coach he would "not call on Lionel Messi" before adding "never say never."
Diego Maradona also spoke about how the malaise of drug addiction still grips Argentine society.
Diego Maradona's career has included stints coaching the Argentine national team and a series of clubs around the world.
A thrilling World Cup came to its conclusion as France beat Croatia in Sunday's final at a jam-packed Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow.
Diego Maradona has apologised for questioning the impartiality of the referee in charge of England's last-16 penalty shootout win over Colombia.
The 1986 World Cup winner said England's win was a "monumental robbery" after Gareth Southgate's men edged through a bad-tempered encounter on penalties on Tuesday.
Argentina bowed out of the World Cup after a 4-3 loss against France in the last-16 clash
Teenage rising star Kylian Mbappe struck twice as France knocked Argentina out with a 4-3 win the Round of 16 match.
Lionel Messi turned 31 last week and his best chance of ending Argentina's 25-year wait to win a major tournament may now be gone.
Diego Maradona hit the headlines at the World Cup 2018 when he was filmed making two-handed middle-finger gestures to fans during Argentina's narrow win over Nigeria.
Diego Maradona denied rumors of ill health the day after, telling reporters: "I'm perfect. I've never been better."
A video posted on Twitter after Tuesday's game showed Maradona needing help to walk as Argentina survived in the World Cup thanks to a late goal.
Like many others, Bollywood superstar Shah Rukh Khan was on the edge of his seat as he cheered for Argentina.
Maradona was spotted supporting his national team at the stadium during matches with Iceland
Legend Diego Maradona called the Iceland result a "disgrace" and warned coach Jorge Sampaoli he would not be able to return to Argentina with similar performances.