Kolkata: Here are the statistical highlights of the first day's play between India and South Africa in the second Test in Kolkata.
South Africa have collapsed dramatically, losing six wickets, making only ten runs - 251 for 3 to 261 for 9 - their second worst collapse against India. In the second innings of the 1996-97 Ahmedabad Test, they had lost six wickets for just nine runs - 96 for four to 105 all out.
In all three Tests played at Eden Gardens, South Africa have won the tosses - in 1996-97, 2004-05 and 2009-10.
India have lost five successive tosses in Tests.
Amla and Petersen were involved in a stand of 209 for the second wicket - South Africa's second highest at Eden Gardes, next only to the 212 between Daryll Cullinan and Gary Kirsten in 1996-97, which is also their highest partnership for the second wicket against India.
Alviro Petersen's brilliant innings is the highest by any batsman for South Africa on debut against India, eclipsing Zander de Bruyn's 83 in the 2004-05 Kanpur Test.
Petersen (100 off 164 balls) has become the third South African to post a hundred on debut - the first two being Andrew Hudson (163 against West Indies at Bridgetown in April 1992) and Jacques Rudolph (222 not out against Bangladesh at Chittagong in April 2003).
Hashim Amla has posted two centuries in a row for the second time in Tests - 253 not out at Nagpur followed by 114 at Kolkata - the first occasion being the 2007-08 series, both against New Zealand, making an unbeaten 176 at Johannesburg and 103 at Centurion.
Amla has registered his ninth century in Tests - his third against India. Thanks to his century, he became the first player to amass 500 in 2010, aggregating 551 at an average of 137.75, including two hundreds and two fifties in five innings (four Tests).
Amla's aggregate of 367 (ave..367.00) in the series, his career-best, including two hundreds, with a career-best of 253 not out at Nagpur, is a new record for South Africa against India, beating Neil McKenzie's tally of 341 (ave.85.25), including one century and one fifty in the three-Test series in 2007-08.
Amla's run-aggregate of 367 before being dismissed is a record against India, outstripping Pakistan's Javed Miandad's tally of 365 in two innings - 280 not out at Hyderabad (Niaz) and 85 at Lahore - before being dismissed in 1982-83
With three crucial wickets for 60 runs, Harbhajan has taken his wickets' tally at Eden Garden to 41 (ave.22.87) in only seven games, establishing a bowling record, bettering Anil Kumble's tally of 40 wickets (ave.30.82) in eight Tests.