Players from Barcelona and Real Madrid made up almost half of the 55-man shortlist revealed by FIFA on Thursday for the FIFA FIFPro World XI 2011, which will be announced on January 9.
Barcelona have 11 players in the list and Real 10.
World champions Spain are the most well represented country with 12 players, ahead of Brazil, which has eight.
Brazil star Neymar, of Santos, is the only player on the list who plays his club football outside Europe.
The 50,000 professional players registered with FIFPro-affiliated unions who will vote for the team must select an XI in a 4-3-3 formation.
Five players in the shortlist were named in the FIFPro World XI in 2009 and 2010: Iker Casillas and Cristiano Ronaldo of Real Madrid, and Xavi, Andres Iniesta and Lionel Messi of Barcelona.
Players shortlisted for FIFA FIFPro World XI:
Goalkeepers: Gianluigi Buffon (ITA/Juventus), Iker Casillas (ESP/Real Madrid), Manuel Neuer (GER/Bayern Munich), Victor Valdes (ESP/Barcelona), Edwin van der Sar (NED/Manchester United until May 2011, now retired)
Defenders: Eric Abidal (FRA/Barcelona), Daniel Alves (BRA/Barcelona), Ricardo Carvalho (POR/Real Madrid), Ashley Cole (ENG/Chelsea), Patrice Evra (FRA/Manchester United), Rio Ferdinand (ENG/Manchester United), Vincent Kompany (BEL/Manchester City), Philipp Lahm (GER/Bayern Munich), Lucio (BRA/Inter Milan), David Luiz (BRA/Chelsea), Maicon (BRA/Inter Milan), Marcelo (BRA/Real Madrid), Alessandro Nesta (ITA/AC Milan), Pepe (POR/Real Madrid), Gerard Pique (ESP/Barcelona), Carles Puyol (ESP/Barcelona), Sergio Ramos (ESP/Real Madrid), Thiago Silva (BRA/AC Milan), John Terry (ENG/Chelsea), Nemanja Vidic (SRB/Manchester United)
Midfielders: Xabi Alonso (ESP/Real Madrid), Gareth Bale (WAL/Tottenham), Sergio Busquets (ESP/Barcelona), Cesc Fabregas (ESP/Barcelona), Andres Iniesta (ESP/Barcelona), Kaka (BRA/Real Madrid), Frank Lampard (ENG/Chelsea), Nani (POR/Manchester United), Mesut Ozil (GER/Real Madrid), Andrea Pirlo (ITA/Juventus), Bastian Schweinsteiger (GER/Bayern Munich), David Silva (ESP/Manchester City), Wesley Sneijder (NED/Inter Milan), Yaya Toure (CIV/Manchester City), Xavi (ESP/Barcelona)
Forwards: Lionel Messi (ARG/Barcelona), Cristiano Ronaldo (POR/Real Madrid), Wayne Rooney (ENG/Manchester United), David Villa (ESP/Barcelona), Samuel Eto'o (CMR/Anzhi Makhachkala), Sergio Aguero (ARG/Manchester City), Neymar (BRA/Santos), Didier Drogba (CIV/Chelsea), Zlatan Ibrahimovic (SWE/AC Milan), Luis Suarez (URU/Liverpool), Radamel Falcao (COL/Atletico Madrid), Edinson Cavani (URU/Napoli), Karim Benzema (FRA/Real Madrid), Mario Gomez (GER/Bayern Munich), Robin van Persie (NED/Arsenal)