It will be only the second time India, the world's number one Test side, play a five-Test series in England since 1959.
West Indies were 44 for one in reply to England's imposing 514 for eight declared, a deficit of 470 runs, when rain ended the second day's play early.
England were 348/3 at stumps on Day 1 vs West Indies at Edgbaston
South Africa, set a huge 380 for victory, were bowled out for 202 shortly after tea on the fourth day
Kagiso Rabada took the prize wicket of Ben Stokes on the first day of the fourth Test.
England were 171 for four at stumps, having won the toss, with 31 of the scheduled 90 overs lost to bad weather on the opening day of the 100th Test at The Oval.
Joe Root was stunned by former England captain Michael Vaughan's assertion that his side had failed to respect Test cricket during their thumping 340-run defeat by South Africa at Trent Bridge.
Keshav Maharaj and Chris Morris shared six wickets to establish a commanding position against England.
How to watch Day 1 of England vs South Africa 2nd Test match. Read all about live coverage and Test match action from Trent Bridge, Nottingham on July 14, 2017.
Root confirmed England would field an unchanged team after off-spinner Moeen Ali, who took 10 wickets on a turning pitch at Lord's.
Off-spinner Ali, the man-of-the-match, finished with Test-best figures of six for 53 in 15 overs -- including a burst of five for 20 in 25 balls -- on a pitch offering sharp turn.
How to watch Day 4 of England vs South Africa 1st Test match. Read all about live coverage and Test match action from the Lord's in London on July 9, 2017.
Joe Root marked his first innings as England captain with a superb 184 not out against South Africa at Lord's on Thursday.
Joe Root will be leading the side for the first time after replacing Alastair Cook as skipper in February.
The Australia vice-captain feels the bust-up with England's Root was a key moment in his life to becoming the person he is today.
Victory meant England were through to the last four of a tournament featuring the world's top eight one-day international teams regardless of the outcome of their last group match against Australia on Saturday.
How to watch England vs New Zealand Champions Trophy 2017 match. Read all about live coverage and ODI match action from Sophia Gardens in Cardiff on June 6, 2017.
England Cricket on Friday confirmed that Chris Woakes suffered a side strain against Bangladesh and will miss the rest of the ICC Champions Trophy 2017.