The second seeded Indo-Zimbabwean pair needed just 59 minutes to dispatch their local opponents 6-3 6-3 in the first round of the clay court Grand Slam.
Paes and Black broke their rivals thrice in the opening set while dropping their serve once.
Placed comfortably, they then broke the local team twice to seal the match in their favour.
They will next take on the winners of the first round match between Rennae Stubbs/Robert Lindstedt and Su-Wei Hsieh/Bruno Soares.
India's Mahesh Bhupathi and Lizel Huber are top seeds and will open their campaign against Yung-Jan Chan of Taipei and American Eric Butorac.