New Delhi:French Open is officially named in French as the Les Internationaux de France de Roland Garros or Tournoi de Roland-Garros (the "French Internationals of Roland Garros" or "Roland Garros Tournament" in English).
The event began as a national tournament in 1891. The first women's event was held in 1897.
In 1912, the French tournament was held with a different surface (at the time all tennis played was lawn tennis), a red clay, made up from the crushed wastes of red brick.
In 1925, the French Championships opened itself to international competitors.
In 1968, the French Championships became the first Grand Slam tournament to go open, allowing both amateurs and professionals to compete.
The trophies are all made of pure silver with finely etched decorations on their side, each new singles winner gets his or her name written on the plate holding the trophy.
Winners receive a replica of the won trophy. Pure silver replicas of the trophies are fabricated and engraved for each winner by the Maison Mellerio, located in the Rue de la Paix, Paris.